Extra Love Needed: Meet Princess Charlie

Author’s Note: Many thanks to Charlie’s parents for letting me ask questions.聽

I have to ask, how are Charlie & Queso getting along?聽

She still isn’t a big fan, but she likes to torment him now. Hahahaha. She’ll chase him through the house.

Is she currently on any medications or doing therapy?

She doesn’t need any medication or therapy as of right now, she might in the future…but we can’t be sure.

Have you had to make any changes since she joined the family?

We haven’t really had to change a whole lot in the house for her. We bought bowls that she can eat from, some were too high for her to get into. The litter box was moved from the basement to the main floor for her (for obvious reasons, haha). We also block off the basement stairs just to make sure she won’t get to them.

What is her favorite thing to do?

This is a tough one. I would have to say her favorite thing to do is sleep on the couch. Since she can’t get up on the furniture on her own, we put her up with us for couch time…she loves it. A close second would be terrorizing her cat brother Duncan. Haha.

What would you like to say about CH cats?

CH kitties are amazing little creatures. They’re determined. They’re fierce. And they’re lovable. They deserve a chance at life too, so many get out to sleep just because of their condition. It’s sad. Depending on when the CH kitten is adopted, it might be rough at first. We got Charlie when she was a week old. We had to feed her every few hours and bathe her daily, multiple times some days. The litter training was rough. They need a lot of time and patience, but it all pays off.
I hope this helps get the attention on to CH babies, they have so much love to give, they just need to be given the chance.

Extra Love Needed: Meet Bounce

Author’s Note: Many thanks to Bounce & her caretaker. 馃檪 If you are interested in reading more abut CH Cats, I have included two articles at the bottom of the interview.

bounce2

Thank you so much for letting me interview you.聽

-My pleasure! I love talking with all my friends, especially if they are snuggling me!


First, where did your name come from?
-At first, the wonderful people at Best Friend’s Animal Sanctuary called me “Blip”, which was because I think they just didn’t quite understand me.聽 I was just a baby, so my words still didn’t quite come out right.聽 When daddy found me, though, and asked my name, he understood.聽 He’s had kitties for a loooooong time. (He’s old, you know)
I have the name “Bounce”, though, because I don’t move quite right.聽 I bounce and flop around some because I have something called Cerebellar Hypoplasia (or CH for short).聽 It varies in severity with different kitties, but basically the Cerebellum didn’t develop quite right, so it seems like we CH kitties are drunk all the time.聽 Some of us just walk a little stiff legged, or high step.聽 Some of us can’t walk at all.聽 I’m somewhere in the middle.聽 But I still get around just fine and use the kitty box okay… most of the time.
How did you come to live with your dad?
-Well, my daddy and mommy came to Best Friends Adoption Center looking for a calico, but as soon as daddy saw me, he fell in love and took me up to the counter to adopt me.聽 I thought that was funny, because he wasn’t supposed to do that. He was supposed to have the really awesome helpers there get me out of the little house and bring me up.
Do you do any therapy to help your balance?
-Not specifically.聽 Sometimes daddy or someone will give me a treat, and because I can’t really keep my head steady sometimes, it’s hard to pick up.聽 When that happens, the figured out that if they just put a couple fingers on the back of my head and neck, I’m able to get the treats a lot easier.聽 I also fall over a lot more when I get excited, so when that happens, they just talk to me or stop me for a second and calm me down.聽 Mostly, though, I just get to run around and get strong and play how I play.聽 It’s a little different, but I still have a lot of fun and do just fine.
bounce1
Did your dad make any adjustments to your home to make sure you don’t hurt yourself?
-Not really.聽 A few little things, like making sure I don’t get by the stairs by shutting that door, and moving some of the harder things that I could bonk my head against if I’m trying to run, but otherwise I mostly just flop my sides against the walls and stuff.聽 They keep a good eye on me though and learned very quickly that even though I can’t jump, I can climb great!聽 Daddy was so funny, the first few times he saw me figure out how to get OFF of the bed or couch.聽 I learned to grab on with my hands and sort of flop my butt to the floor then let go.聽 I know they love me a lot and will always make sure I’m okay, even if I get huffy and grumpy when they try to help me.聽 I’m a very independent kitty.
Do you have any fur siblings you live with?
-I sure do!聽 Eden is a very pretty grey kitty, and Ken-Oki and Ryo-Oki are “tuxedo cats”.聽 Eden took a little while to warm up to me, but she’s a super hero to me.聽 She’s so graceful and fast and smart!聽 Now she loves me, and I love her a whole bunch.聽 The Okis are a lot older, they’re 14 now, almost 15.聽 Ken-Oki is the more friendly one, and we will hang out together a little bit sometimes.聽 Ryo is super pretty, but very shy.聽 She’s really nice, but we don’t interact a whole lot.

What would you or your dad like to tell people about ch?
Hi everyone, James here now.聽 If I could tell people about CH cats, I would tell everyone that CH is NOT contagious.聽 CH cats are generally not helpless at all, unless it is very severe.聽 I would also say that CH cats are just like any other cat, they are just wobbly.聽 They are lovable, sweet, and although physically not quite as capable they seem to be outlandishly clever.聽 There are a couple concessions one needs to make with CH cats, such as making sure that they can eat and drink okay, and occasionally giving them a bath, if they fall into the litter box incorrectly.聽 I’ve found that a Litter Maid litter box works great to fix that last issue though.聽 CH cats make GREAT lap cats, because they are comfortable laying down and leaning against things for support.聽 Most importantly though, they just want to be loved and have a forever home with people who care about them, just like every other kitty out there.

What is your favorite thing to do?
-Cuddle!聽 I love to cuddle!聽 I also like eating… a LOT!聽 I use a lot of energy just getting around.聽 With the way I move, I essentially travel twice as far, sometimes more, to get somewhere.聽 It’s also made me super strong though.聽 I even like to go on car rides!聽 Traveling is super duper fun!

Is there anything else you would like to add about yourself?
-About myself, no.聽 I just want to reinforce what daddy said about adopting CH kitties.聽 Don’t walk away from us just because we move a little funny.聽 We are an adventure unto ourselves, as we don’t know where we are going all the time, and when we play we don’t really have any idea where our toys are going to end up.聽 We’re just a little different physically, but we are still wonderful, smart, loving cats who want to share your life and your heart.聽 So please, when looking to adopt a kitty, don’t shun one just because it has a difference.聽 Just because a kitty might be missing an eye or a leg or is clumsy or deaf, doesn’t mean it doesn’t still have a heart and a lot of love to give you.

What is Cerebellar Hypoplasia?

Cerebellar Hypoplasia (cer路e路bel路lar hy路po路pla路sia) is a disorder found in cats and dogs which causes jerky movements, tremors, and generally uncoordinated motion, just like ataxic cerebral palsy in humans.聽 A cat with CH often falls down and has trouble walking or cannot seem to walk at all.聽 CH in cats is non-progressive, meaning it does not get worse with age.

Cerebellar Hypoplasia occurs when the cerebellum, the part of the brain which controls fine motor skills and coordination, is not completely mature at birth.聽 Symptoms of CH can usually be seen immediately at birth.

Cerebellar Hypoplasia is most commonly caused by the kitten鈥檚 mother contracting the Panleukopenia virus while pregnant. If the mother passes on the virus during the end of pregnancy, the kittens can be born with CH. Kittens with CH are not infected with or carriers of the Panleukopenia virus, it has only stunted their cerebellum鈥檚 growth while in the womb. Cerebellar Hypoplasia can also occur if a trauma, including malnutrition, occurs to the kittens while in the womb.

Cats with Cerebellar Hypoplasia are often euthanized, as people misunderstand the condition as being painful and/or contagious.聽 However, they have a normal life expectancy and are very affectionate, sweet, and loving.聽 They return the extra care they need with an intense love for and bond with their adoptive families.

The Truth About CH Cats

At this time, many veterinary and rescue professionals are still unaware of CH.聽 Many CH cats are needlessly euthanized before given a chance at a proper diagnosis and life, making it harder for awareness about the condition to grow.

Cats with CH:

  • Are not in any pain
  • Are not contagious
  • Have a normal life expectancy
  • Live happy, healthy lives
  • Learn to adapt their abilities and compensate over聽 time
  • Can be spayed/neutered safely
  • Need to be indoor-only & should never be declawed
  • May require no extra care, or a great deal of extra care, depending on their severity
  • Can be more prone to accident-related injuries, like chipped teeth or broken nails

 

Severity Levels of CH Cats

Mild

Cats with mild CH are very capable and require little to no extra care.

Symptoms:

  • Unusual gait (high step or waddle)
  • Occasional balance loss
  • May have subtle head tremors when excited or stressed

Abilities:

  • Walk
  • Run
  • Jump
  • Stairs

Special Care:

  • Cannot live outdoors
  • May prefer a modified litter box with high sides
  • Prefer carpet or rugs, but not a necessity

 

Moderate

Cats with moderate CH can get around on their own, but one end of their body may appear to be doing something else than the other end.

Symptoms:

  • Walk with legs splayed in a wide stance
  • Frequent balance loss, falls
  • Noticeable head tremors, especially when excited or stressed

Abilities:

  • Walk short distances
  • Expert climbers

Special Care:

  • Cannot live outdoors
  • Prefer a modified litter box with high sides to support themselves against; can be messier than non-CH cats
  • Have an easier time balancing on carpet or rugs
  • Raised food & water dishes
  • Modified furniture to protect them from getting hurt when they fall (e.g. adding bumpers)

Severe

Cats with severe CH cannot walk on their own and require a great deal of special care.

Symptoms:

  • Cannot walk or stand
  • Flip and Flop to get around
  • Constant head tremors

Abilities:

  • Expert climbers

Special Care:

  • Cannot live outdoors
  • May need help using the litter box;聽 prefer a modified litter box with high sides or pee-pee pads
  • Prefer carpet to help grip and propel themselves forward
  • May need help getting set up at their food dish
  • Modified furniture to protect them from getting hurt when they fall (e.g. adding bumpers)
  • Are ideal candidates for wheelchairs, which can help improve mobility and coordination

7 Things You Should Know About Cerebellar Hypoplasia

1. CH arises because of exposure to a virus or prenatal trauma

If a pregnant cat is exposed to the virus 鈥 or the vaccine 鈥 for panleukopenia late in her pregnancy, the developing kittens鈥 brains can be affected. But not every kitten in a panleukopenia-exposed litter will develop CH. The condition can also be caused by prenatal trauma, including malnutrition.

2. Kittens are born with the condition

You may be able to see right away that a kitten has CH because she doesn鈥檛 seem to be able to get herself into the right position for anything. If you don鈥檛 notice it at birth, you鈥檒l certainly notice something is amiss once the kittens start crawling and walking around.

3. There are different levels of severity

Cats with mild CH have few symptoms. They may have a slightly waddling gait, but they鈥檙e quite capable of getting around like other cats. Moderate CH is a bit more challenging for cats because they can鈥檛 seem to get their whole body to work together sometimes, and they tend to have a splayed walk. When stressed, they can develop head tremors or have more difficulty getting around. Cats with severe CH need a lot of special care: They typically can鈥檛 walk on their own, have almost constant head tremors, and flip and flop to get around.

4. CH is not a progressive condition

A cat鈥檚 cerebellar hypoplasia isn鈥檛 going to get worse over time. It鈥檚 not going to get better, either, but as a cat learns to adapt to the condition it can appear that she鈥檚 improving. Physical therapy and hydrotherapy can help a CH cat to adapt to her disability.

 

5. CH is not contagious

There鈥檚 no reason to fear bringing a CH cat into your home, because your other cats won鈥檛 catch the disease. CH is congenital 鈥 kittens are born with it 鈥 and don鈥檛 acquire it later in life.

6. CH cats can live with non-CH cats

It may take a little while for a non-CH cat to get used to a CH cat鈥檚 body language, since CH cats don鈥檛 move like ordinary cats, but CH kitties can be integrated into a household just like any other cats.

7. CH cats have a normal life expectancy

Cerebellar hypoplasia is not a life-shortening condition. Although their lack of coordination can increase their risk of injuries, it does not predispose them to any other illnesses.

There鈥檚 no reason to be scared of cats with cerebellar hypoplasia. They don鈥檛 suffer, they鈥檙e not in pain, and they love and purr just as much as ordinary cats.


If you are interested in adopting a ch cat, please visit –聽http://chcat.org/

This article is a part of the extra love needed theme, for more interviews with pets that need extra love and care, please click on the below badge.

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Extra Love Needed: Meet Trip & Yoga

Trip loves her crinkle balls
Trip, how old are you?
I am 9 months old. My birthday is聽April 20.
Where did your name come from?
A lot of CH kitties have cute names like Tipsy and Wobbles, and Mom wanted something unique that sorta fit my personality and condition. I trip all over myself when I’m excited about something!
How did you come to your forever family?
My catmom was an outside kitty. My first humanmom realized I was different than my siblings and took me to see a doctor. They told her with my condition I wouldn’t survive outside on my own. So she began searching for a rescue that would take me in. She found my mom on Petfinder and explained the situation. My Mom has a soft spot for special needs animals, so she was excited about fostering me. But it didn’t take long for her to realize she wasn’t going to let me go, and I was really thriving here, so I went from being a foster kid to being a purr-manent member of the family!
Can you or your mom explain what CH is?
CH stands for Cerebellar Hypoplasia. It is a condition in which the cerebellum, the part of my brain that controls my motor skills, is underdeveloped. It is something I was born with, and it won’t ever get better, but it won’t ever get worse either. When I was really little I had a hard time sitting up, and didn’t walk very much at all. But with time, we CH kitties learn to adapt and cope with our wobbles and shakes, and I am walking better and farther every day!
Do you need any physical therapy to help you walk better?
The best PT for CH is play, play, play!!! Playtime helps strengthen my muscles and gets me moving. Mom and Dad built me a cart when I was an itty bitty kitty, and I used it a little, but I didn’t really care for it, and usually did better without it.
Trip's close up
Do your fursiblings treat you differently?
Mostly everyone treats me pretty well here. Sometimes I think my movements confuse my “normal” fursiblings. But they’ve really accepted me since I’ve been here. My sister Popcorn mothers me and grooms me. But my BFF is definitely Yoga.
Yoga, how old are you?
I am about 10 months old.
Photo: Sleepin' 'n Smilin' ~Y
Where did your name come from?
Mom named me Yoga because of my super straight paralyzed back legs, and the sometimes crazy positions I put them in.
How did you end up a part of the family?
I was found severely injured, with a broken pelvis, severed spine, and big open wounds. I am also unable to go to the bathroom on my own. I went home with Mom so she could help me potty over the weekend while the awesome vet clinic I was staying at was closed. And she never took me back! She enjoyed having me here, and like Trip, was thinking she would find me a good forever home once I was healed. But I bonded pretty quickly with Trip, and Mom realized she was really attached to me….. So I get to live here too!
Yoga & Trip
I’ve seen a few pictures of you wearing clothes, is it only when it’s cold?
I have quite an assortment of pants, and socks, and even some shirts! Because I scoot around on my butt, I wear a diaper to keep my bum clean. The pants are so I don’t develop sores on my legs from scooting them on the floors/furniture. The socks I wear when I’m in my cart so I don’t make my feet sore, and the shirts are strictly for Mom’s entertainment. 馃檪
May I ask how you became paralyzed?
I don’t really remember that day. It all happened so fast. But my best guess is I was either hit by a car, or maybe attacked by an animal bigger than me. I’m just not sure…..
Do you use your wheels often?
I do! I’ve gotten really comfortable in my wheels. Plus, I think I look pretty great in hot pink! Though I can get around really well without them, Mom thinks it’s good for me to get up into a more natural position when I can.
I saw a video with you chasing your tail, have you caught it yet?
That tail! I know it’s back there…. but every time I turn around to grab it…. it runs!
What about that pesky red dot?
I don’t think ANYONE has ever caught that red dot!!!! It drives me crazy!!
How many siblings do you both live with?
We have each other, and 5 “normal” kitty brothers and sisters. We also have a dog sister…. and there’s a tortoise that lives here too! We love to follow her around the house, and touch her shell when Mom’s not looking. She feels neat! We have one human brother. He’s 14, and is great to us kitties. We have a pigeon foster brother right now too, he was injured so he’s staying here til he gets better. Mom won’t let us play with him, and we think that’s really not fair!
Yoga's all dressed up
Is they anything else you would like to share about yourselves or your family?
We want people to know that pets that aren’t perfect can still make the perfect pet! Depending on their individual needs, they can take a lot of time and patience….. Yoga needs her bladder and bowels manually expressed, she wears diapers and clothes (which are cute, but they are also an added ‘chore’ to her daily care!), and she can’t be left alone for long periods of time during the day like other kitties can, so she gets to go to work with me on my longer days. Trip can’t use a regular litterbox, so we use puppy pads instead, and she also has some stomach sensitivities so she can’t have any old bag of cat food and we are feeding her a grain free diet with probiotic and canned food twice a day. So they take some effort…..But for someone that has the time to give, they are definitely worth it!!!

Author’s Note: Many thanks to Trip & Yoga and their mom for answering all the questions I could think of (and more!). Pictures & Videos were used with permission. You can find the entire family on their facebook page Trip the CH Kitty & Yoga the Disabled Kitty.
This article is a part of the Extra Love Needed theme, please click on the badge below for more articles on pets that need extra love & care.
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Meet Moki the Wobbly Cat

Moki The Wobbly Cat

Who is Moki?

Moki is a cat.

What makes Moki so special?

He suffers from an undiagnosed medical condition that causes him to not be able to move like normal cats, hence the name “Moki the Wobbly Cat”.

Below is my interview with Moki & his mom.

I have read a little bit about the condition that you have Moki, but I would like to know what happened on that fateful day that changed your life and how did your mom get involved? (This may have been covered already but I couldn’t find the post about it)

It鈥檚 actually kind of a long story so I will sum it up as best as I can. It was the height of kitten season when Moki was found left in a box along with another feral kitten, on the door step of the feline only, free roaming, no-kill, rescue/shelter, I was volunteering at. I lived out in the country at that time and I already owned six other cats so I really wasn鈥檛 looking to foster any. I was taking some vet assisting classes at that time so my volunteering was based primarily on helping to clean up after and generally take care of the cats. The shelter had been really hard hit by a large number of kittens that year and we were beginning to have trouble finding foster homes for them all, particularly the feral ones. Because foster homes were getting harder and harder to come by, Moki was being housed at the shelter until we could find a placement for him. It only took a matter of days for me to fall madly in love with Moki and his feral ways as I went about completing my volunteer duties. With that said, despite already having six other cats, I decided to bring Moki home on a foster basis.

When I brought Moki home he was a normal feral kitten. He did all the things which a normal, feral, cat does. He hissed and scratched, hid and ran, played and jumped. After about six days of being in my care, Moki started to develop what appeared to be an upper respiratory infection. It didn鈥檛 seem like anything to be too worried about at first so I just took him to my vet and got him some antibiotics. Over the next couple of days while on the antibiotics Moki鈥檚 symptoms got increasingly worst. It was at this point that Moki was seen by the shelter鈥檚 vet. While under the care of the shelter鈥檚 vet, Moki continued to decline and a decision was made to move Moki to an emergency veterinary hospital. The shelter vet didn鈥檛 think that Moki was going to survive and by the time he was admitted to the emergency veterinary hospital I was told that he wouldn鈥檛 make it through the night and that I should therefore say my goodbyes.

Despite the warnings I was quite ready to give up and neither was Moki. As I handed him off to the emergency room vet, Moki mustered up all his energy to lift up his paw and reach across the exam table for me. I discussed several different treatment options with the ER vet some of which they didn鈥檛 want to perform because they didn鈥檛 think that they would help. By about midnight of that night I got a call from the vet at the ER hospital letting me know that Moki was showing no signs of improvement, so she was going to go ahead and try some of the things which I had requested earlier that afternoon. I should mention at this point Moki鈥檚 WBC (white blood cell count) was 0.7 upon being admitted to the ER. He wasn鈥檛 at deaths door, he was by all practical purposes dead.

While I awaited the dreadful call from the vet that late that night, early the next morning, which would tell me of Moki鈥檚 passing, the call never came. What I did receive was a call from the new ER vet who had come on shift early that morning. The new ER vet was reading Moki鈥檚 medical file and was greatly confused. The symptoms listed in the file didn鈥檛 match anything like she what she was seeing in the animal whose cage the file had been attached to. She wondered if maybe someone somewhere in there haste had attached the wrong file to the wrong cage so she asked me to come down to the hospital to verify that Moki was indeed the same cat whose medical file she was looking at.

Overnight Moki had made a drastic recovery. That recovery was not without severe side effects however. While Moki had survived to tell his tale, he did so at a high cost. He was now neurologically impaired.

What exactly is the condition called? Is there anything a cat guardian (cat parent) can do to prevent it? Are there any support groups or places to go to get monetary help for the therapy and vet visits if a pet parent finds out their cat has the same condition?

Moki鈥檚 medical condition doesn鈥檛 have a name. When he was released from the ER hospital the vets there thought that Moki had a condition known as cerebellar hypoplasia. As a result of this belief and the severity of Moki鈥檚 neurological condition, the ER vets told me that Moki would never sit up on his own again or be able to walk. Further they told me that Moki most likely would not be able to eat without a plate of food being held up to his face. Within a matter of a few days Moki was proving them wrong. Not only was he eating from a plate placed on the ground, he was sitting up and starting to take his first couple of steps.

At this point I should probably mention that the evening that Moki was admitted to the ER I made a promise to him that should he survive, he would have a forever home with me. Ok, so where were we? Oh ya, as the days went forward Moki and I began working with my regular vet who suggested that we take Moki down to UC Davis. It took us about a month to get into UC Davis and once there his medical file was immediately referred to one of their veterinary neurologists. The neurologist suggest that we have both an MRI and a CSF Tap preformed on Moki to see if we could figure this thing out. A few months went by before Moki was brought back to UC Davis for his MRI and CSF Tap. In the end these tests along with every other test that we had conducted on Moki came back clean. UC Davis at first purposed that Moki had CH (cerebellar hypoplasia) but by this stage I had already researched CH well enough to know that that was an impossibility since Moki was born completely normal and his symptoms didn鈥檛 develop until well after his cerebellum was already fully formed. When I pointed this out to UC Davis they realized that they had made and mistake and had forgotten to make note of that fact in his medical file. After realizing that Moki was born normal and lived the first several months of his life as a normal healthy cat, they too agreed that Moki鈥檚 medical condition could not have been caused by CH. In the end as it turned out, no one knew what they were dealing with and to this day they still don鈥檛.

With that said there is no real way to tell other cat guardians how they could go about avoiding what happened to Moki since no one really knows exactly what Moki has. Additionally there are no support groups, because Moki鈥檚 condition is so unique that to date, nothing like it has been recorded or reported anywhere in the world.
As for financial support, there are several options available to pet owners to help them cover the cost of their veterinary bills. The first option would be to speak with their own vets to see if the vet will allow them to set up a payment plan. If this is not an option, then Care Credit might be, so they should try to apply for a line of credit through them. If both of those methods fail then I would advise pet owners to try contacting one or more local agencies which may be able to help them cover the cost of their pets care. Pet owners can find a list of agencies which help with veterinary expenses on the Humane Societies website or by referencing this link:http://www.humanesociety.org/animals/resources/tips/trouble_affording_pet.html

Scout鈥檚 Fund is another great resource should for pet owners residing in the CA bay area whose pets need physical rehabilitation. Right now Scout鈥檚 Fund is a small local non-profit but in time we plan on growing it state-wide and then eventually nation-wide, so definitely bookmark and keep checking back. There website can be found at:http://www.scoutsfund.org/.

Finally, if all of those options fail I would advise pet owners to try setting up a fundraiser for their pet. There are a lot of great fundraising websites out there and several people have been successful when it comes to fundraising money for their pets medical needs, myself included. Some of the fundraising websites that you might want to look into are as follows:

http://www.chipin.com/
http://www.gofundme.com/
http://www.piryx.com/
http://www.crowdrise.com/

There are several other free and low cost fundraising websites out there for individuals, all you have to do is a internet search to find them.

What types of therapy do you do and how long have you been doing it? Which is your favorite/lease favorite?

I do both physical rehabilitation and veterinary acupuncture on a weekly basis. Please note the very distinct words 鈥減hysical rehabilitation,鈥 and 鈥渧eterinary acupuncture.鈥 In many states there are very specific laws pertaining to the use of the term 鈥減hysical therapy.鈥 In many places, physical therapy is actually a protected term reserved for human forms of therapy. Physical therapist undergo advance levels of training. They hold masters degrees and PhD鈥檚 in their field of training, so the term is protect in most states and rightly so. Physical rehabilitation specialists on the other hand are most commonly licensed vet techs and vets who have undergo an additional level of training in the art of physical rehabilitation, or in other words, in applying physical therapy techniques to animals. Some physical therapists have entered into the world of physical rehabilitation as well and these are the individuals who you most commonly see heading up a team of other physical rehabilitation specialist under the guidance of a veterinarian.

As for veterinary acupuncture, the regulations pertaining to it also vary by state. While some states require that only a licensed vet can administer acupuncture to animals other states have no requirements pertaining to who can and cannot administer veterinary acupuncture. Most schools which teach veterinary acupuncture however require that their students be licensed vets. With that said if you are considering having your animal seen by a acupuncturist it is important to inquire whether or not the acupuncturist is also a licensed vet, or truly a veterinary acupuncturist.

As for Moki鈥檚 own personal experience with these two treatment commodities, Moki has been seeing a small animal physical rehabilitation specialist on and off again since 2008. I should note at this point that due to Moki鈥檚 medical condition there have been several times over the years in which he has had to stop his physical rehabilitation treatments. These breaks in his physical rehabilitation have ranged from anywhere to a few months to well over a year. With that said I should also point out that most animals do not require the kind of extensive physical rehabilitative care which Moki does, and therefore the length of treatment varies greatly depending upon the animal鈥檚 condition.

As for seeing the acupuncturist, Moki has been seeing a veterinary acupuncturist since Dec 23, 2010. Again the length and number of acupuncture treatments vary by a particular animal鈥檚 medical condition. With that said, Moki enjoys all of his treatments. Like anyone else he has his good days and his bad but in the end he seems to know that these treatments are helping him and he always feels so much better afterward. We have also seen vast improvement in his medical condition as a result of these two combined treatments.

Do you have sisters/brothers that help cheer you on?

Moki sure does. He started out with six other adoptive sibling as I mentioned earlier. Unfortunately three of these have since past away, one, Orange Boy, stayed behind with my ex-boyfriend when I moved out. (He moved with us at first but was really unhappy living here, and my ex-boyfriend missed him so much that we thought that it was best that Orange Boy continued to live with him. My ex and I continue to remain friends and Moki still sees Orange Boy from time to time.) So that leaves us with Mini Munch and Little Kitty, the two sister who live here at the house with Moki. Little Kitty is getting up there in age, she is 15, so we sometimes refer to her as grandma kitty, but you would never know it judging by the way she acts. She behaves like a cat half her age. As forMini Munch, she is six, just one year older than Moki, and she is very close to him. You can constantly find her cheering Moki on in just about everything that he does.

Author’s Note: A huge thank you goes to Moki and his mom along with all the vets, vet techs and everyone involved with his care. The video and photos were used with permission. 聽=^.^=聽